My research examines how individuals coordinate their actions and ideas within these complex settings, and how this can lead to learning.

A major focus of my work has been examining how young students (5-7 years old) create representations while learning about complex science concepts.

To unpack the process through which individual students engage in and learn through activity, my work is driven by empirical studies that examine:

  • The process through which students create and use material representational tools such as drawings, graphs, and computer simulations when they are learning new concepts.
  • The reciprocal way in which individual students contribute their own ideas to complex activity systems and appropriate knowledge from those systems.
  • The design of new activities and computational tools to support learning while also revealing theoretical and practical insights into how learning occurs.


  • science education, representations, activity theory, educational technology.

Research Fields:

  • activity theory; Computer Supported Collaborative Learning; Early Childhood Education; Education; Education & Educational Research; Learning Sciences; representations; Science Education.
Education, Education, Education, Education, Cognitive Science, Psychology, Psychology, Psychology, Mental Health Services, Mental Health Services, Mental Health Services
PhD, University of California, Los Angeles, Psychological Studies in Education, 2009
MA, University of California, Los Angeles, Psychological Studies in Education, 2005
BS, Johns Hopkins University, Computer Science, 1997