Geographical areas of specialization:

  • Africa

Research Interests:

  • functional morphology; ecology of hominids and apes

Since we can never study our ancestors directly, we must rely on their traces to understand them.

In my research muscular and skeletal form are treated as engineering problems, and the "design" of the animal is treated as a solution to the need to perform a particular activity (e.g., running, arm-hanging).

His principal research interests are ape and human functional morphology, the evolution of human bipedalism, australopith and ape ecology and the evolution of the hominin face.

Subject Areas:

  • Ecology
  • Evolution
  • Mechanism of Behavior

Research + Teaching Interests

  • functional morphology and ecology of hominids and apes

Regional Expertise

  • Tanzania; Uganda
Biological Science, Animal Science, African Studies, Cognitive Science, Anthropology
PhD, University of Michigan, Anthropology, 1989
MA, University of Michigan, Anthropology, 1982
BA, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Anthropology, 1980
africa animal physiology or morphology animal ecology food chemistry anthropology musculoskeletal system anatomy ecology sociobiology
French, German, Swahili
American Association for the Advancement of Science
American Association of Physical Anthropologists
American Society of Primatologists
International Primatological Society
Sigma Xi, The Scientific Research Society