- Environmental signal transduction: This area focuses on how an environmental signal can result in selective gene activation, using salinity-mediated induction of carbonic anhydrase expression in the gills of euryhaline organisms as a model experimental system.
- Environmental toxicology: We have recently initiated a study on the effects of heavy metals on carbonic anhydrase activity, the enzyme's physiological role in ion transport and regulation, and its expression in euryhaline crustaceans.
- Bimodal breathing: This is an ongoing project studying the transition from gill to lung breathing in amphibious crustaceans, the mechanisms of respiratory gas exchange and acid-base balance in water and air, and the control of ventilation.
Research and Teaching Interests:
- Comparative physiology.
- Function of carbonic anhydrase.
- Behavior, Ecology, Evolution, and Conservation Core
- Evolutionary Genetics & Systematics Core
- Physiological Adaptations and Functional Genomics Core.