Our research efforts are focused on photo/electrochemical reactions of inorganic nanomaterials and small molecules. These efforts are driven by broad interests in solar energy conversion, electrochemical energy storage, and optoelectronics. Our primary objective is to advance the fundamental knowledge related to homogeneous and heterogeneous electron transfer reactions, and how these reactions can be used effectively in photo/electrochemical applications. Our lab intersects the broad areas of inorganic and physical chemistry where we use a combination of solution and sol-gel based synthetic methods to produce unique and exciting inorganic molecules and solid state nanomaterials and then probe their photochemical, electrochemical, and thermochemical properties. The many techniques used to probe these physical properties include: Electrochemistry (CV, RRDE, Impedance), Spectroscopy (UV-Vis, Near-IR, FTIR, NMR, EPR, XPS), and Microscopy (SEM, TEM).