I am a historian of modern Europe with a special focus on twentieth-century Germany, gender, and sexuality.

My current research focuses on the campaign against the “black horror on the Rhine,” a racist slogan against the stationing of French colonial soldiers from Africa in the German Rhineland after World War I.


  • 20th century
  • Western European History
  • Film, Photography and Visual Culture
  • Gender and Sexuality
  • Military History and Warfare
  • Race and Ethnicity

Research Interests:

  • Modern Germany
  • Gender and sexuality
  • Comparative history of race
  • Military occupation and postwar society
  • Propaganda

Research Interests

  • modern Europe and Germany; women and gender; sexuality; social; political, and cultural history; propaganda


  • Gender and Sexuality
  • Germany
European Studies, Gender Studies, History
PhD, Carnegie Mellon University, 2001
MA, Carnegie Mellon University, 1995
MA, Universitat Bremen, 1994